Where should I upload my files?

A domain's document root, also known as the home folder, is the main folder that contains all of the files for either a domain or a subdomain.

Main Domain
The document root for your main domain name is your public_html folder. This means when someone visits your main domain, the server returns files that are located in the public_html folder.

Subdomains
The document root for a subdomain is a bit different. If your subdomain is http://store.example.com, then the document root folder would be public_html/store.

Addon Domains
Addon domain document roots are very similar to subdomains. If there is an addon domain on your account, the main folder is also under the public_html folder. For example, if you have an addon domain namedhttp://example2.com on your account, the document root would be public_html/example2.com. Below is a charted explanation as well.

Default document root structure

The path to the specific folder within your account will differ depending on whether it is the main domain, a subdomain, or an addon domain. Below is a quick table guide to help you understand how they work.

Domain typeURL pathFile Structure
Main domain http://example.com public_html
Subdomain http://store.example.com public_html/store
Addon domain http://example2.com public_html/example2.com

How do I find the document root of an addon / sub domain?

If you are unsure of the document root folder for an addon or a subdomain because you did not go with the defaults, you can find it by using the following steps.

Finding an addon document root

  1. Log into cPanel
  2. Click the Addon domains icon
     
  3. You will see a list of addon domains configured in your account, the document root will be listed here.

Finding a sub domain's document root

  1. Log into cPanel
  2. Click the sub domains icon
     
  3. You will see a list of addon domains configured in your account, the document root will be listed here.
 

What file loads first?

If no particular file is specified, the directory index file will be the first file the server loads from a folder. For example, if you type inexample.com/contact_us.php, the server will return the contact_us.phppage. If you type in simply example.com, the server will load the directory's index file. The server looks for these specific files in the following order:index.htmindex.html, and index.php. If the server does not find any of these files, it will display a default screen with a list of the files in the folder as shown to the right. This can be a security risk so you always want to ensure that a file will be served instead.

Can I change the directory index file?

Some website design applications will name the home page something other than the standard index.htm,index.html or index.php. For example, the application may name your homepage Welcome.htmlHome.html, or even something. If your application does this, you will need to modify your .htaccess file and set your Directory Index setting to match that of website's first page.

How do I change the directory index?

To change your directory index, edit your .htaccess file and add the following line:

DirectoryIndex some-file.html

For example:
Let's assume that the homepage for your website is named Welcome.html. We need to update the .htaccess file so that the server knows to load Welcome.html first, instead of index.htm. Open (or create) the .htaccess file in your domain's document root and add the following line:

DirectoryIndex Welcome.html

Yes, it is that easy! Please note that the server is case sensitive, so be sure to use the proper case. For example, Welcome.html is different than welcome.html.

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